There is just one international airport in Nepal, the Tribhuvan International Airport in Kathmandu. However, there are lots of small airports spread over the country, due to the lack of a proper road system. The best way is to check different comparing sites in the internet to find the most suitable and cheapest flight to Nepal. Sometimes it can be cheaper to fly via bigger airports like Kuala Lumpur, Bangkok or Qatar. You will find flights between 20 and 40 hours, depending on your budget and your place of departure. Normally flights are a bit more expensive in the main season, March-May and cheaper in the rest of the year. Of course major holiday and festival dates are always pricier. Anyway a single way ticket from Vienna should cost you between 250-400€ and a two ways ticket might cost you between 500-700€ (per person), luggage costs mostly an extra 15-20€. Usually you will have two or three stops in between. Mostly it is the cheapest to buy your ticket 8 weeks’ prior your departure, but sometimes you can find really good deals earlier or even later. Therefore, use the “price alarm” option to get informed about a good offer or just check the different sites frequently.
Some suggested comparing sites (personal recommendation):
The flight will be almost to hundred percent exhausting, therefore, prepare yourself, take a neck pillow, headphones or earplugs with you, a book to read or something else to do. Be careful if you have to stay at a transit airport for some hours when you fall asleep that you protect your luggage and set an alarm. The airport in Kathmandu will be quite a hustle and different from the airports you know. There are no proper security controls and it will be from the first moment an very crowded and stressful. Make sure you have all your required documents with you in a folder, so that you don’t have to search for it in the middle of the chaos. Also make sure that you have the proper amount in US Dollars for your visa. As soon as you got your luggage and you are walking out the main gate, besides a lot of shouting rikshaw drivers, one of our members will be waiting for you and pick you up, if not otherwise discussed and arranged.
All foreigners except Indians must have a valid Visa to enter Nepal. Nepali embassies and consulates overseas issue visas with no problem. You can also get one at the Tribhuvan International Airport or at the road borders: Nepalganj, Birganj/Raxaul Bazaar, Sunauli, Kakarbhitta, Mahendranagar, Dhanghadi and at the Kodari checkpoint on the road to Tibet. Visas are issued for different durations, 15, 30 and 90 days, single or multiple entry. You can also extend your visa once you are in the country; you are allowed to stay up to 150 days per year with a tourist visa. Children under 10 years require a visa but are not charged a fee. Your passport must be valid for at least another 6 months after your entry in Nepal.
Visa on Arrival at KTM Airport: To issue a visa on arrival at the Tribhuvan International Airport in Kathmandu you must fill out the application form and provide a passport photograph. Those visa application forms are available on a table at the arrival hall at the airport in Kathmandu, to get a head start, you can download the pdf file below and have it already prepared with you, but it should be said, that this form may change over time and should be used as a guide and not official papers.
PDF File im Ordner
The costs for the visa vary with the length you intend to stay: 15 days -> 25 USD, 30 days -> 40 USD, 90 days -> 100 USD
Procedure at the Airport:
1) Have the visa application form filled out, either on the plane, prior your visit or in the immigration lounge.
2) Visa application machines are taking all your details as you enter the immigration lounge at the airport on your left, usually. Queue first at one of those to submit your passport information and get a receipt.
3) If the machines are broken, which is quite likely, skip them and go to the counter at the end of the hall with your passport, visa application form, money and picture. There you will submit your payment and get a receipt, which is issued in different colours according to your length of stay.
4) Head to the right, where there are different counters for the issue of the visa, depending on your length of stay, choose the right counter and queue again. Here you will get the actual visa in your passport, simply by handing over the passport and receipt. Make sure the date is right and that’s it.
The whole process can take, depending on the season and whether the machines are working or not between 30min and 2 hours.
For up to date information check the homepage of the Nepali immigration: http://www.nepalimmigration.gov.np/content/tourist-visa.html
We highly recommend to have the money in small denominations and in USD, although bigger currencies like euros and British pounds as well as Nepali Rupee should be accepted, with USD you are on the safer side. If you want your visa to be multiple entry an additional 20 USD are charged, the 90-day visa should include this fee, but ask at the immigration counter at the airport to be sure.
Tip: Always carry some passport photos with you, in case you need an extra one at an immigration office, for a trekking permit or other purposes. If you ran out of pictures, there are several places all over Kathmandu and bigger cities in Nepal where you can get more.
Online application: Since 2014 it is possible to issue a visa online via the homepage of the Nepali Immigration, it allows you to apply and to extend a number of visas. However, there are not enough reports so far whether it is working properly or not. Another issue with this is that once applied it is just valid for 15 days, whereas a visa issued by an embassy is valid between one and six months. Apart from that there are some mandatory questions, which are very difficult to answer prior your visit (or in general) like house or ward number. If you manage to submit the application, you need to print a small piece of paper with basic details about your application and present it to the immigration department.
For more information, check out: http://www.online.nepalimmigration.gov.np/tourist-visa
Application abroad: A visa might be possible to be issued at an embassy at home. Since Nepal is a very small and developing country you should check if the embassy or the consulate are still operating and whether they can issue visas or not. In Austria there is just a consulate in Vienna:
Visa extension: Once in Nepal you can extend your visa up to 150 days in total per year. Therefore you need to go to the immigration office (or do it online), fill out the application form, have another picture and the visa fee in USD. The visa extension fees are:
15 days or less = US$30
more than 15 days = US$2 per day
more than 30 days = US $60 for 30 days
The USD2 per day has usually an additional fee added to the total charge, which seems to be quite random, but is mostly about 10$.
Visa overstay: You shouldn’t overstay your visa, since you will be charged with an expensive fine of 2USD per day you are staying without a valid visa up to 30 days, from the 31st day on the fine will raise up to 3USD per day and at more than 90 days it will be 5USD per day. If the fine is not being payed imprisonment will be the consequence.
In every case a backpack will be more useful and practical than a suitcase in Nepal. Many of the volunteering sites are reached by foot or motorbike, therefore it is easier when you have a backpack you can carry. Pack light and practical, but don’t leave important things behind. A personal advice is to not renounce on things that are important for your own wellbeing, which make you feel comfortable and make your life easier. Whether this is one of your favourite pullover, a tablet, your camera or 5 pairs of underwear. There will be moments where you feel exhausted and might wish to be in your comfortable bed at home, small things can help you in these moments and make you feel better.
Below you can find a subjective packing list, some things you might not need, some other might not be on the list, which are important for you. Most of the flights allow 20kg for international flights, some however just allow 15kg. Therefore, check properly what you booked to avoid unnecessary costs. Nevertheless, I suggest to keep your luggage at around 15kg, since you will have to carry it for some parts as well as experience have shown that you will enlarge it with one or the other thig you might find on the way. This list is also in a printable version below available to download in pdf.
- 1-2 Long pants (depending on the season you are coming, easy to wash and to dry, preferably hiking pants and one light pant)
- 1 Short pant (long enough to cover your knees, or shortly above, depending on the field of work and the season 2 might be needed)
- 1 Rain Jacket
- 1 thick winter jacket (multifunctional if available for colder nights and days)
- 3-5 T-shirts (covering your shoulders with no big décolleté, consider having thin long arm shirts instead of short arm for extra protection against the sun and the mosquitos)
- 2 Sweaters, pullovers
- 1 Pyjama or comfortable clothes (for free time and the night, after work)
- 1 nice shirt, skirt, blouse or dress (if you should be invited somewhere)
- Sport clothes (optional, if you plan to go hiking or running etc.)
- 2 pair of shoes (Hiking boots, sneaker or every day comfortable shoes)
- 1 pair of Flip Flops (for showers, hostels, in houses)
- 4-7 pair of underwear (pants & socks, you will most likely have to wash your clothes by hand, how often is up to you)
- 1 swimming pant or bikini (in case you have to shower outdoors, or if you might go to a hot spring, lake etc.)
- 1-2 Travel towels (don’t take full size towels with you, travel towels are easy to wash, to store and to dry, bring one big and one small)
- Scarf, gloves and hat (in some parts it can get pretty cold, be prepared for low temperatures)
- Multifunctional scarf (can be used as mask in Kathmandu against the dust or smell)
- Optional thermal underwear (if you plan to hike, this will be an essential)
- Optional: tights, leggings
- Dry bags (for dirty and clean clothes, to keep them separated and protect them from water)
- Spork (in some cases, street food it can be very useful to have your own cutlery)
- Ear plugs
- Bottle and water purifying pills
- Washing powder, soap (for your clothes)
- 2-3 small lockers for hostels, doors etc.
- Small transparent bags for liquids on flights
- Tissues (the best are reusable cloth tissues)
- Hat or cap
- Optional: Neck pillow, Eye mask, Clock/alarm clock, Compression bag, pacsafe
- Toiletry bag (the best is one you can hang, since in very few places you will actually find a shelf to place it)
- Toothpaste & toothbrush
- Shampoo & Shower gel (2 in 1 to safe weight or a soap)
- Nail clipper, tweezer, cotton swabs
- Hand cream
- Tampons or Menstruation cup
- 1 roll of toilet paper
- Optional: Lotion, make-up, skin care, face cream etc.
- Safety pins and sewing kit
- Backpack clips
- Duct tape
- Small rope
- Emergency wire
- Optional: Multitool (to fix certain things)
- USB-drive, flash drive or external hard drive (with working materials, your personal documents, for picture storage etc.)
- Power bank (you won’t have everywhere at any time electricity and sometime the voltage of the electricity can fluctuate and damage your devices, therefore charge your power bank and with it your devices, best are solar power banks, which can be charged with the sun)
- Adapter (around the world adapter)
- Tablet or Laptop + charger+ keyboard etc.
- Smartphone or phone (without simlock + charging wire)
- Mp3 player
- Camera + battery pack + bag + SD card + USB wire
- Flash light (preferably head lamp)
- Luggage weight (for your flight and your laundry)
- Optional: hair dryer, kindle etc.
- Passport (valid for at least another 6 months)
- Flight tickets or check-in details
- Visa application form or other visa documents
- Copy of your travel insurance
- Credit card
- International or home driving license
- Passport pictures (better more than less)
- Screen shots or copies of booking arrangements
- Address of your first place of stay
- Numbers and addresses of insurances, emergency numbers, banks, doctors etc.
- International student card
- Medical cards, vaccination pass, allergy pass
- Copies of all important personal documents (also pdf copies online (cloud, drive etc.) and/or on flash drive, laptop, hard drive)
- Optional: Travel guides, travel dictionary, notebook or diary
- Personal needed medication
- Contact lenses and cleaning lotion, glasses etc.
- Pain killers
- Wound ointment
- Plasters and bandages
- Pills against inflammations
- Disinfection spray or sanitizer
- Pills against diarrhoea
- Medicine for flue/cold, like sprays, lozenges
- Malaria medication
- Purifying pills
- Eye drops
- For more information, jump to the Health section, where you will find a more detailed list for your medical preparations.
- Clothes which can get dirty (if you are working in the field of reconstruction)
- Books, charts, handouts etc. printed or on a flash drive (for the field of education)
- Medical goods, gloves, masks, clothes (for the field of health)
- folder with travel documents, including passport
- Hand Sanitizer
- Some medicine
- Travel Journal
- Wallet (with enough money in USD for the visa fee)
- wires and chargers
- Tampons or menstruation cup
- wet wipes
- neck pillow
- eye mask
There are some things I want to point out in particular:
- Be aware of the fact that you will be using most of your toiletry product in nature and therefore there is no sewerage. Which means the products used and the trash produces will directly harm the environment in which you are living. Be aware of that fact when buying washing powder, shower gel and tooth paste.
- Trash is a major problem in Nepal and there is no existing system to handling the amount of trash produced by the population. You can help and contribute positively to this situation by having your own water bottle, where you can either purify your own water with pills, drops or boil it. It might be worth considering purchasing a purifying device, like the one in the link from the company lifestraw http://lifestraw.com/de/, or a bottle from Dopper, which is the first Cradle to Cradle bottle and has on its own projects in Nepal going on https://dopper.com/usa/about-dopper/.
- Personally an essential is a pacsafe Travelsafe, since it allows you to store your valuables and lock them, even if there is no locker or door. http://www.pacsafe.com/collections/travelsafe-series/
- A silk sleeping bag or inlay may protect you from mosquitos, bugs and dirty/unhygienic places. It also top ups your sleeping bag and might add a few degrees. https://www.vaude.com/de-DE/Produkte/Schlafsaecke-Isomatten/Accessoires/Inlet-Rect?number=125106760000
- Don’t take full size towels with you, synthetic travel or linen travel towels use way less space and weight, dry faster and you can wash them easier. https://www.vaude.com/de-DE/Produkte/Outdoor-Zubehoer/Handtuecher/ Whereas synthetic ones are drying very fast, they take on smells pretty fast. Linen towels on the other hand feel better on the skin and are a eco-friendlier option. https://shop.outlier.nyc/shop/retail/grid-linen-towel.html
- A travel weigh might save you a lot of money in terms of money, since many try to rip you off with the amount of kg’s they put on the receipt, to know the weight of your laundry or even better to proof it in front of them is even better. Apart from that, if you buy some things in Nepal it might be good to know before your departure if the weight of your backpack is still in the allowed range. https://www.amazon.com/s/ref=nb_sb_noss_2?url=search-alias%3Dsporting&field-keywords=portable+luggage+weight&rh=n%3A3375251%2Ck%3Aportable+luggage+weight&ajr=0
- Last but not least, many of the things on the list can be purchased in Kathmandu itself. There are tons of outdoor shops in Thamel, which sell hiking clothes, sleeping backs, headlamps, clothes, jackets etc. and other stores, which sell toiletries like shampoo and soap.
Whether you decide to purchase an insurance or not is up to you. In any case, we highly advice you to be insured during your stay in Nepal for medical issues. The health care system in Nepal is everything else but good, even with small problems you will be happy to choose a private hospital or doctor, with better facilities and well educated staff. These hospitals however can charge you a lot, therefore it is good to have an insurance which covers you for those cases. There is no contract between the health system in Austria and Nepal, therefore if you want to be covered in emergencies you have to get an extra travel insurance. Those insurances can usually be made via different insurance companies, as well as for short stays your credit card might offer you sufficient coverage.
Things you have to look at when choosing an insurance:
- For how long do you want to have the insurance for? Related to that question is also the one whether you want to have a single or multi-trip insurance. If you are planning to do a longer trip, there are several which can cover you up to 1 year, but not that many which are covering you for longer.
- What is covered? There is a difference between travel insurances, which basically are covering you for emergencies and accidents, related to your travel, and travel health insurances which cover all your health related issues, no matter if they happened through an accident. Look carefully through the policy which activities, which accidents or which health issues are covered or not. For example, a lot of insurances are not covering dental problems.
- What is the excess? The excess is the amount of money you have to pay on your own in every case of claim. There are some with higher and some with no excess. Those with little excess can cost a few euros more, but can be worth if the excess is therefore almost nothing. For example, when you need surgery you might have to pay 500€ on your own, and your insurance is just covering you up to 15000€.
- What is the covered amount of money? This is mostly directly connected with the insurance fee and the excess. Lower insurance fee means mostly higher excess and lower coverage. A few euros more can change the coverage from 100.000€ to 500.000€.
- Is theft and loss of luggage covered? Not all insurances cover your luggage and or electronics. Look carefully if they do and whether electronics are included or not (mostly they are not). Sometimes you can choose to have those things covered or not for an extra fee.
- Which activities are covered? If you are planning to do hiking in Nepal, check with your insurance up to which altitude they are rescuing you in case of emergency. Many of them have a restriction of 4000-5000 meters above sea level and many of them even don’t cover Nepal, due to the governmental situation or you have to pay an extra fee. Apart from that some activities might not be insured if they are seen as high risk activities. Here also you might have the chance to include them in the policy for an extra fee.
- Is there a hidden clause? Some travel policies have a clause where it says that you have to have an insurance at home, which is covering a part of the money. If you don’t have this home insurance and you are not aware of that fact you might end up paying a little fortune on your own.
- Are there age restrictions? Depending on your age the policy can get more or less expensive. Also with age some things might not be covered anymore. Choose the policy and company after your needs.
- What happens when you have to cancel your trip and you have to be brought home? Is your insurance covering you for the transportation in case of emergency? Are they coming up for non-refundable tickets?
- What if you choose to end your journey earlier? Are you able to cancel your insurance earlier? Mostly this is possible if you have an insurance where you are paying monthly. If you are paying everything for a fixed time in advance, most likely you won’t be able to get back any money, should you return earlier.
- What countries are covered? Many insurances have the option to choose from policies with North America and the USA or without. Without it is almost in all cases cheaper, but even when you are not planning to go to Canada or USA make sure that your country of choice is in the list of the covered countries. This should be the case with a worldwide travel insurance, but attention should be paid when choosing a European travel insurance. It also depends on your country of residence, not all citizens are eligible to sign a contract with different insurance companies.
- What is the procedure you have to follow in case of emergency? Do you first have to contact your insurance and tell them which doctor you are going to see or is the choice all yours and you just submit the bills? Is there a 24/7 emergency number, you can call day and night for questions and really urgent matters.
There are plenty of good insurances out there, pick one which fits your needs the best and reed the whole policy carefully. Blogs, websites and comparison pages can help you with finding the right one. In any case be aware of the fact:
WE ARE NOT RESPONSIBLE FOR ANY HEALTH RELATED ISSUE YOU MIGHT HAVE IN NEPAL. WE ARE NOT COVERING ANY COSTS OR ORGANIZE YOUR TRANSPORTATION BACK HOME. YOUR HEALTH IS YOUR RESPONSIBILITY!
You should have at least 2 emergency contacts, which you write down in different places, so no matter at which occasion you have them with you.
A personal advice is to note down:
- a personal emergency contact (name and telephone number)
- your insurance emergency number
- the number of your bank account in case you lose your cards or they get stolen (to lock them)
- and the number of your embassy in Nepal (if there is no embassy of your home country in Nepal, look up which embassy is responsible for you)
on several small papers or cards and place them in your wallet, backpack, hand luggage etc.
Safe your emergency contacts, addresses and phone numbers somewhere online and/or on a flash drive, in case your whole luggage gets stolen, delayed or lost or you damage or lose your phone. You will also have to provide an emergency contact to Chay-ya, in case you are not able to contact anybody and we will have to inform your people at home. Also store a scan of your personal documents, like driving license, passport, passport picture, birth certificate, proof of address (Meldezettel), vaccination pass, medical certificates & information, bank card information, insurance policy etc. online and/or on an external storage device.
Health and Medicals
Speaking of a case of emergency it is always good to be prepared for the one or the other case, either with vaccinations or medication you are carrying with you. Following you can find some information about the necessary vaccinations and some of the most common travel diseases you might want to prepare for. There is also a suggested travel pharmacy list, everyone should carry with his/herself, but for better and more specific information according to your own needs, we highly recommend speaking with a doctor, who is specialised in travel health, like tropical institutes, pharmacies, which can help you choosing the right things for your pharmacy and to do some internet research:
A list of all institutes and medical centres, which can give you advice and prepare you for your journey can be found here:
Webpages for further information:
If you are directly flying from Europe: there is NO obligatory vaccination
If you were staying in a country with high yellow-fever risk in the last 6 days’ prior your entry or you had a transit, which was longer than 12 hours, you will have to show the proof of a yellow-fever vaccination.
Although there are no inoculations required for Nepal, there are some which are recommended:
Hepatitis A It’s transmitted through contaminated food and water, therefore, sensible hygiene will reduce the risk of catching it. It causes an infection or inflammation of the liver that causes mild fever, nausea/vomiting, loss of appetite and jaundice.
Typhoid and paratyphoid Are also spread through contaminated water and food. Both, almost identical diseases, produce a persistent high fever, headaches, abdominal pains and diarrhoea, but are treatable with antibiotics and are rarely fatal.
Hepatitis B Is a more serious version of Hepatitis A, which is passed on through blood and sexual contact. It is highly recommended for those working in a medical environment.
Rabies Is a serious problem in Nepal, transmitted by wild animals, dogs or monkeys. It can be cured by five post-exposure injections, administered over a month, which are 100 percent effective if given in reasonable time. You can also have a pre-exposure vaccine (which we recommend), which involves three shots over four weeks. Still, if you get bitten you have to get two more boosters.
Meningococcal meningitis Is spread by airborne bacteria. It is a very serious disease that attacks the lining of the brain and can cause death in as little as a day. The injection is very effective, causes few side effects and lasts for three to five years.
Cholera Recommended if you are in contact with elderly people and travelling within basic circumstances. Transmitted via food and water. (Mostly not necessary.)
Diphtheria-Tetanus-Pertussis-Polio Generally recommended for everybody.
Jap. Encephalitis It is transmitted by a special kind of mosquitos. Recommended especially during the monsoon time, and if you are situated in the more jungly regions of the Terai. Rural areas where pigs are kept are most risky. The vaccination is in the form of three injections given over a month.
Mumps & Measles Recommended for anyone who wasn’t vaccinated as a child and hasn’t already had these diseases. Especially recommended when working with kids.
Which inoculations are important for you in the end depends on the length of your stay and the things you are doing. Therefore, this list is only a list of the recommended vaccinations by various governmental institutes. You should consulate a specialised institute or doctor at least 2 months prior your departure.
The risk of Malaria is very dependent on the region in Nepal:
- Average risk: Terai region and jungly regions, higher risk during the rainy season, and on the whole border to India in the national parks of Chitwan and Bardia
- Minimal risk: Kathmandu-valley and hilly regions north of Kathmandu
- No risk: usually regions higher than 1800m above sea level
The risk to short-term travellers is very low, but it’s well worth taking anti-mosquito measures, especially during the rainy season.
Prophylaxis = regular doses of tablets, is worth considering if you plan to visit the Terai between June and September.
Apart from that in the evening and night hours’ exposition prophylaxis is recommended:
- During dawn stay in cooled rooms, which are protected from mosquitos
- If you are staying outside, make sure that most of your body is covered (long shirts & long pants)
- Use of repellents on exposed body parts, like neck, ankle, legs, wrists
- At home use of candles, scented sticks etc. to keep mosquitos’ outside
- Sleeping underneath a mosquito net
In any case it is recommended to take some Malaria medication with you, which you can use for self-therapy in case of emergency. For more information, ask your doctor or pharmacy.
Food: More people get sick in Kathmandu than anywhere else in Nepal. Be especially careful with western dishes and tourist restaurants. Be particularly wary of anything reheated and food that’s been sitting where flies can land on it. Nepali food is usually fine and you can most likely trust anything that has been boiled or fried in your presence, although meat has additional risks. Be very careful with unpeeled fruits and vegetables, pickles, fruit juices, lassis and salads.
Water: Untreated water should be avoided when possible. Use treated or bottled water when brushing your teeth and keep your mouth closed in the shower. Restaurants in Kathmandu/Thamel, generally use clean water for use, but it’s probably still worth steering clear. Many restaurants also offer filtered water, however, you can’t be sure if the water has been boiled before or that the filter is clean. Tea and bottled drinks are generally safe. As mentioned in other sections, the best option is to purify your own water, either through boiling, purifying pills or drops. It safes you quite a lot of money and Nepal a lot of plastic. There are more advanced options like http://lifestraw.com/, https://www.katadyn.com/us/us, https://www.steripen.com/travel/, https://toomanyadapters.com/5-best-water-purifiers-travel/.
Air: Kathmandu’s polluted air gives many people respiratory infections within a few days of arrival. Minimize your exposure by staying off the main streets, and consider bringing a filtering face mask if you’re spending much time in the Kathmandu Valley.
Personal hygiene: Wash your hands often, waterless antibacterial soap or gel comes in handy. Keep any cuts clean and disinfected. If you’re staying in Hostels, cheap guesthouses or remote areas bring a sleeping sheet/bag to keep fleas and lice away. Scabies and hookworm can be picked up through bare feet, it’s best to always wear closed shoes.
Mosquitoes: wear repellent and/or long-sleeved clothes, sleep under mosquito nets and use plug-in mosquito killing/deterring devices or smoke coils if possible. Try not to scratch bites as infection may result.
Sunburn and dehydration: stay well hydrated and protect your head as well as your exposed skin with sunscreen. High protection will be essential while trekking.
The following things should be in every case in your travel first aid kit:
- Medication you are always taking
- Medication for:
- Diarrhoea & electrolytes
- travel sickness
- fever, pain and wound disinfection
- insect and sun protection
- ointment for insect bites and skin irritations
- fever thermometer
- bandages and plasters
- Malaria medication (if necessary)
- Gloves and injection set
- Apart from that you should have:
- Sun protection
- Mosquito repellents (if necessary)
- Hand sanitizer
- Sun glasses, glasses or contact lenses
- Vaccination certificate
- Diabetes, allergy or any other emergency certificate
Necessary working materials
Dependent on the field of work you might need the one or the other thing to bring with you:
Crafts & Reconstruction: make sure you bring proper shoes to work and clothes which can get dirty
Health & Nursing: Disposable gloves and medical clothes
Childcare & Education: bring your tablet, laptop etc. where you can prepare lessons, have some work sheets on, prepare tests or simply show the kids a song or video; you can prepare at home collecting ideas for your lessons, games and topics for the children, if you want you can also bring toys or an instrument
Permaculture: good proper shoes, which can get dirty, as well as work clothes, maybe gardening gloves
Electricity is 220V/50 cycles. Sockets usually take plugs with three round pins, sometimes the small variety, sometimes the large. Some sockets take plugs with two round pins. Local electrical shops sell cheap adapters or you can bring one from home.
Blackouts are a common thing across Nepal, especially in Kathmandu, these peak in the monsoon period of June to August with up to six hours a day of cuts. Power surges are also likely, so bring a voltage guard with spike suppressor (automatic cut-off switch) for your laptop or charge your power bank and with it your devices. Power supplies to some rural areas may be disrupted because of earthquake damage.